Nginx ("engine x") 是一款高性能的,轻量级的HTTP Web 服务器 和 反向代理服务器及电子邮件 IMAP/POP3/SMTP 代理服务器。
Nginx 是由俄罗斯的程序设计师 Igor Sysoev 所开发,为俄罗斯访问量第二的 Rambler.ru 站点开发的,它已经在该站点运行超过四年多时间了,Igor 将源代码以类BSD许可证的形式发布。
自 Nginx 发布四年来,Nginx 已经因它的稳定性、丰富的功能集、示例配置文件和低系统资源的消耗而闻名了。Nginx 超越Apache的高性能和稳定性,使得国内使用 Nginx 作为 Web 服务器的网站也越来越多。
目前国内各大门户网站已经部署了Nginx,如新浪、网易、腾讯等;新近发现 Nginx 技术在国内日趋火热,越来越多的网站开始应用部署Nginx。
一、首先去官网下载 nginx1.0.11的Windows版本,官网下载:http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.11.zip
下载到软件包后,解压 nginx-nginx1.0.11.zip 包到你喜欢的根目录,并将目录名改为nginx。
然后,执行下列操作:
cd nginx
start nginx
这样,nginx 服务就启动了。打开任务管理器,查看 nginx.exe 进程,有二个进程会显示,占用系统资源,那是相当的少。然后再打开浏览器,输入 http://127.0.0.1/ 就可以看到nginx的欢迎页面了,非常友好
nginx -s stop // 停止nginx
nginx -s reload // 重新加载配置文件
nginx -s quit // 退出nginx
二、接下来就是配置nginx的conf文件了。下面是我的配置:
#user nobody;
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

#pid logs/nginx.pid;
events {
worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;

#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

location ~* software/(.*).*\.(jpg|rar)
{
expires 21d;
root d:/temp/;
access_log d:/temp/soft.3g.cn_nginx_s3gd-205.log;
proxy_store on;
proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw;
proxy_temp_path d:/temp/;
proxy_redirect off;

proxy_set_header Host 112.25.10.140;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
client_max_body_size 10m;
client_body_buffer_size 1280k;
proxy_connect_timeout 900;
proxy_send_timeout 900;
proxy_read_timeout 900;
proxy_buffer_size 40k;
proxy_buffers 40 320k;
proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k;
proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k;
if ( !-e $request_filename)
{
proxy_pass http://112.25.10.140:80;
}
}

location / {
root html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}
# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}
# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}
# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443;
# server_name localhost;

# ssl on;
# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# ssl_protocols SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;
# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}

}